Friday, January 22, 2010

Albert Einstein


Albert Einstein was born at Ulm, in W├╝rttemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879. Six weeks later the family moved to Munich, where he later on began his schooling at the Luitpold Gymnasium. Later, they moved to Italy and Albert continued his education at Aarau, Switzerland and in 1896 he entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich to be trained as a teacher in physics and mathematics. In 1901, the year he gained his diploma, he acquired Swiss citizenship and, as he was unable to find a teaching post, he accepted a position as technical assistant in the Swiss Patent Office. In 1905 he obtained his doctor's degree.


After World War II, Einstein was a leading figure in the World Government Movement, he was offered the Presidency of the State of Israel, which he declined, and he collaborated with Dr. Chaim Weizmann in establishing the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Einstein always appeared to have a clear view of the problems of physics and the determination to solve them. He had a strategy of his own and was able to visualize the main stages on the way to his goal. He regarded his major achievements as mere stepping-stones for the next advance.

At the start of his scientific work, Einstein realized the inadequacies of Newtonian mechanics and his special theory of relativity stemmed from an attempt to reconcile the laws of mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. He dealt with classical problems of statistical mechanics and problems in which they were merged with quantum theory: this led to an explanation of the Brownian movement of molecules. He investigated the thermal properties of light with a low radiation density and his observations laid the foundation of the photon theory of light.

In his early days in Berlin, Einstein postulated that the correct interpretation of the special theory of relativity must also furnish a theory of gravitation and in 1916 he published his paper on the general theory of relativity. During this time he also contributed to the problems of the theory of radiation and statistical mechanics.

In the 1920's, Einstein embarked on the construction of unified field theories, although he continued to work on the probabilistic interpretation of quantum theory, and he persevered with this work in America. He contributed to statistical mechanics by his development of the quantum theory of a monatomic gas and he has also accomplished valuable work in connection with atomic transition probabilities and relativistic cosmology.

After his retirement he continued to work towards the unification of the basic concepts of physics, taking the opposite approach, geometrisation, to the majority of physicists.

Einstein's researches are, of course, well chronicled and his more important works include Special Theory of Relativity (1905), Relativity (English translations, 1920 and 1950), General Theory of Relativity (1916), Investigations on Theory of Brownian Movement (1926), and The Evolution of Physics (1938). Among his non-scientific works, About Zionism (1930), Why War? (1933), My Philosophy (1934), and Out of My Later Years (1950) are perhaps the most important.


several source from : Nobel Prize
source image : johnstodderinexile

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Saturday, January 9, 2010

Sir Isaac Newton


Successful people are not all on the backs of the family background of success. This also happened to Sir Isaac Newton.

Isaac Newton was born on January 4, 1643 [OS December 25, 1642] at Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, a Hamlet (villages) in the county Lincolnshire. At the time of his birth, England Julian calendar was adopted, so the day of his birth is recorded as December 25, 1642 on Christmas day. His father, also named Isaac Newton died three months before the birth of Newton.


Newton was born prematurely; also reported her mother, Hannah Ayscough, once said that he could fit into a cup (≈ 1.1 liters). When Newton was three years old, his mother remarried and left under the care of Newton's grandmother, Margery Ayscough. The young Newton did not like his stepfather and save the hatred for her mother for marrying the man.

Sir Isaac Newton FRS died March 31, 1727 at the age of 84 years; KJ: December 25, 1642 - March 20, 1727) is a physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alkimiwan, and theologians who came from England. He is the heliocentric and the followers of the most influential scientists throughout history, even said to be the father of classical physics. [1] works his book Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published in 1687 is considered the most influential book in the history of science. This book laid the foundations of classical mechanics. In this work, Newton described the law of gravity and three laws of motion that dominates the view of science of the universe for three centuries. Newton was able to show that the motion of objects on Earth and objects other space governed by a set of natural laws the same. He proved it by showing the consistency between Kepler's laws of planetary motion with the theory of gravity. His work was finally menyirnakan doubt scientists will heliosentrisme and promote scientific revolution.

several source and image with little editing from : wikipedia.com

Thursday, January 7, 2010

Gus Dur, Is Always In Memory



Name: Abdurrahman Wahid
Born: Denanyar, Jombang, East Java, August 4, 1940.
Career
• Chairman of the Nahdlatul Ulama (1984-1999)
• President of the Republic of Indonesia (20 October 1999-24 July 2001)

Former President KH Abdurrahman Wahid, who often called Gus Dur, died at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta Wednesday (30/12) at 18:45. Indonesia and the world mourned. Former Chairman of the NU, the birth of Jombang, East Java, August 4, 1940 is referred to as the nation's teachers. Serve for the nation in diversity.

The teacher is also referred to as the father of pluralism, the President who dared to unite all religious communities in Indonesia, and also all ethnic in Indonesia, so he is also known as the father of multicultural.

Gus dur an asset of this country or he is one of Indonesia's best sons are hard to find a replacement. thoughts that often bersebrangan with the people or officials in general made him become one of what could be called eccentric with his thoughts.

Wahid Goodbye, Farewell My Nation Master, farewell Mr. and multicultural pluralism, we are all going to lose your figure who always invites questions in our minds, what exactly do you think about this nation. We have a lot to learn from your thinking and made us realize many things, one of which Indonesia is a country that is friendly to everyone without exception.

Thank you for all your services to this nation .. bye ..